Friday, February 5, 2010

The World Trade Center Site, After 9/11/01

From: The Port Authority's World Trade Center Pages
(I've edited this slightly)

September 12, 2001 Last survivor is rescued from the WTC site at approximately 12:30 p.m.

September 14, 2001

National Day of Prayer and Remembrance; President Bush visits Ground Zero.

September 17, 2001

New York Stock Exchange reopens.

September 23, 2001

Prayer for America service takes place at Yankee Stadium.

October 28,
2001

An interfaith ceremony is held at the WTC site.

March 11,
2002

Six-month anniversary of the September 11 attacks is marked with beams of light.

May 30,
2002

The WTC recovery ends with a public Last Column Ceremony.

2002

The 9-11 Commission is created to study the events leading up to the September 11 attacks and to provide recommendations on emergency preparedness and response. The 9-11 Commission issues its report on July 22, 2004. 

November 2002

A groundbreaking ceremony is held for 7 WTC and the Con Ed substation.

February
2003

The Port Authority and the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation (LMDC) announce the selection of Memory Foundations by Studio Daniel Libeskind as the design concept for The World Trade Center site.

September 2003

A refined WTC Site Master Plan is presented.

November 2003

The temporary WTC PATH Station opens on November 23, ahead of schedule, reconnecting lower Manhattan and New Jersey.

December 2003

Design concept for The World Trade Center site’s 1,776-foot One World Trade Center is unveiled on December 19.

January
2004

Architects Michael Arad and Peter Walker present the winning design concept for The World Trade Center Memorial. Santiago Calatrava presents design concepts for The World Trade Center Transportation Hub.

July
2004

Ground breaking for the One World Trade Center takes place.

December 2004

Final design of the WTC Memorial and museum is unveiled.

May
2005

Design is unveiled for The World Trade Center Cultural Center by Snøhetta.

June
2005

A revised design for the One World Trade Center is released with unprecedented life safety and security features.

July
2005

The Port Authority Board of Commissioners authorizes the $2.221 billion World Trade Center Transportation Hub project. Architect Santiago Calatrava presents his refined design.

July
2005

The Federal Transit Administration and The Port Authority announce $699 million of additional federal funding for WTC infrastructure work, and $478 million for a new World Trade Center Vehicle Security Center project.

September 2005

Construction begins on the World Trade Center Transportation Hub on September 6.

March
2006

Preliminary construction work begins on The World Trade Center Memorial on March 13.

April
2006

The Port Authority Board of Commissioners approves the framework proposal for a new lease agreement with World Trade Center developer Larry Silverstein on April 27. Under the framework proposal, Silverstein Properties continues to build Towers 2, 3 and 4. Silverstein Properties surrenders its lease rights for the One World Trade Center and Tower 5 to The Port Authority.

April
2006

Construction officially begins on the One World Trade Center on April 28.

May
2006

Seven World Trade Center opens on May 23, the first building to be rebuilt in Lower Manhattan after the September 11 attacks.

July
2006

The Port Authority assumes responsibility for construction of the World Trade Center Memorial.

August
2006

Preliminary work begins on east/west concourse for World Trade Center Transportation Hub. Construction of The World Trade Center Memorial resumes.

September 2006

The Port Authority finalizes agreements on September 21, giving The Port Authority control of construction of the One World Trade Center and Tower 5. Architectural designs for Towers 2, 3, and 4 are unveiled.

June 2007
 
On June 21, the Board of Commissioners authorizes The Port Authority to enter into a long-term sub-net lease with JPMorgan Chase & Co. to develop Tower 5 as a 1.3 million-square-foot skyscraper at The World Trade Center site.

February
2008

Tower 3 and 4 site turned over to Silverstein Properties.

March
2008

PATH Temporary North Access Station opens.

September 2008

First Installation of Memorial Steel.

The World Trade Center History

From: The Port Authority's World Trade Center pages


1939
World's Fair,
Flushing, NY
"World trade center" pavilion is dedicated to "world peace through trade."

1959

Downtown Lower Manhattan Association is created by real estate developer David Rockefeller to revitalize lower Manhattan and begins to promote the idea of a "world trade and finance center" in New York City.

January
1960

David Rockefeller presents a plan for a world trade center along the East River of Manhattan. The Port of New York Authority is commissioned to study the plan.  

March
1961

On March 10, Port Authority issues a favorable report on the feasibility of developing a world trade center.

February
1962

New York and New Jersey authorize the development of the World Trade Center.

December
1962

World Trade Center location moves to West Side amidst protests by displaced business owners.

November
1963

The Port Authority wins legal challenge to the development of the WTC. 

January
1964

The Port Authority unveils an architectural plan for the WTC featuring the world’s tallest buildings.

March
1966

Construction begins on March 21 at the WTC site with the demolition of 78 Dey Street.

August
1966

Excavation work begins for the WTC.  First use of "slurry wall" method in the United States.

June
1967

New York City Board of Estimates formally approves the WTC legislation.

October
1970

The North Tower of the WTC exceeds the height of Empire State Building, making it the tallest building in the world. 

December
1970

The first tenants move into North Tower of the WTC on December 15. 

December
1970

The North Tower of the WTC is topped off at 1,368 feet on December 23.

July
1971

The South Tower of the WTC is topped off at 1,362 feet on July 19.

September
1971

The first tenant moves into Two World Trade Center (South Tower).

March
1972

The first tenant moves into Five World Trade Center (Northeast Plaza Building).

April
1973

The World Trade Center is dedicated on April 4.

January
1974

U.S. Customs Service moves into Six World Trade Center.

April
1974

Tightrope artist Phillippe Petit performs an unauthorized walk between the Twin Towers on April 7. 

December
1975

Top of the World Observation Deck opens at Two World Trade Center (South Tower).

April
1976

The Windows of the World Restaurant opens at the top of the North Tower on April 19.

January
1977

The first tenant moves into Four World Trade Center (The Commodities Exchange Center).

May
1979

The 360-foot antenna mast atop One World Trade Center is completed.

July
1981

The Vista International Hotel, the first hotel built in Lower Manhattan since 1836, opens.

May
1987

Seven World Trade Center opens.

February
1993

On February 26, terrorists detonate 1,500 pounds of explosives in a van parked in the underground public parking lot of the WTC.

March
1993

The WTC reopens for business on March 19, led by tenant New York Governor Mario Cuomo and his staff.  The Port Authority implements a $250 million upgrade plan focusing on life safety and security.   

1994

The WTC is designated one of the "Seven Wonders of the Modern World" by the American Society of Civil Engineers. The WTC is visited by every U.S. president between the time of its opening and the time of its destruction at least once, as well as by many dignitaries and heads of state.

Spring
1995

A memorial fountain is dedicated in the WTC plaza to the victims of the 1993 bombing. 

December
1995

The Vista International Hotel is sold and renamed the New York Marriott World Trade Center Hotel.

September
1998

On September 24, The Port Authority announces plans to seek a 99-year net lease of the complex.

2000

The WTC reaches its highest occupancy rate. 

July
2001

The WTC is net-leased on July 24 to private developer Silverstein Properties, Inc. for approximately $3.2 billion. A three-to-six month transition period commences. 

Details of the First Attack on the WTC

From: The Port Authority's World Trade Center Pages
(I've left this unedited, it's the same as written on the PANYNJ site.)


2/26/1993

12:18 p.m.

The World Trade Center is attacked for the first time when terrorists detonate 1,500 pounds of explosives in a van parked in the underground public lot of the WTC, two levels below the southern wall of the North Tower. The attack kills six people, including a pregnant woman, injures more than a thousand, creates a five-story crater beneath the towers, and results in hundreds of millions of dollars in damage.

Less than a month later, the WTC opens again for business and a yearlong, $250 million recovery plan commences

The first terrorist attack on the World Trade Center took the lives of four Port Authority employees, as well as an employee of Windows on the World and a visitor to the WTC. We remember them now, and always.
  • Robert Kirkpatrick
  • Stephen Knapp
  • William Macko
  • Monica Rodriguez Smith and her unborn child
  • Wilfredo Mercado (Windows on the World)
  • John DiGiovanni. (Visitor to the WTC)
The memorial that commemorated their lives was destroyed on September 11, 2001. During the rescue and recovery effort, Port Authority police discovered a fragment of the original memorial. It will become part of the permanent collection of the new National September 11 Memorial & Museum.

Timeline of the events of 9/11/01

(I've left this unedited, it's the same as written on the PANYNJ site.)

On September 11, 2,752 men, women and children fell victim to
the second terrorist attack on the World Trade Center.

September 11, 2001:
"Today: Less humid. Sunshine. High 79."

6:00
a.m.
Polls open in New York City for primary elections.

7:59
a.m.

American Airlines Flight 11 takes off from Boston’s Logan International Airport for Los Angeles. 

8:00
a.m.

New York City public schools open for the fourth day of the new school year.

8:14
a.m.

United Airlines Flight 175 takes off from Boston’s Logan International Airport for Los Angeles. 

8:20
a.m.

American Airlines Flight 77 takes off from Washington, DC’s Dulles International Airport for Los Angeles.

8:42
a.m.

United Airlines Flight 93 departs 42 minutes late from Newark International Airport for San Francisco.

8:46
a.m.

After receiving a call from the Federal Aviation Administration’s Boston control center that Flight 11 has been hijacked, the Northeast Air Defense Sector (NEADS) scrambles two military jets to the New York area from Otis Air National Guard Base, Cape Cod. 

8:46
a.m.

Hijackers crash American Airlines Flight 11 into floors 94 to 98 of 1 World Trade Center, the North Tower.

8:46
a.m.

The Fire Department of New York (FDNY) receives the first report of a plane crash into the North Tower. Evacuation in the North and South Towers begins.

9:00
a.m.

FDNY, the New York Police Department (NYPD) and the Port Authority Police Department (PAPD) are at their highest mobilization levels. Port Authority civilian staff and all on-duty WTC response staff have mobilized.  

9:03
a.m.

Hijackers crash United Airlines Flight 175 into floors 78 to 84 of 2 World Trade Center, the South Tower. 

9:15
a.m.

Officials begin closing New York City bridges and tunnels to all but emergency vehicles and pedestrians.  

9:25
a.m.

The Federal Aviation Administration orders the first-ever nationwide ground-stop, prohibiting the take-off of flights. Northeast Air Defense Sector (NEADS) jets establish combat air patrol over Manhattan.  

9:30
a.m.

The New York Stock Exchange does not open at its scheduled time; its employees evacuate.

9:37
a.m.

Hijackers crash American Airlines Flight 77 into the Pentagon.

9:40
a.m.

The Federal Aviation Administration orders all 4,546 planes in North American airspace to land at the nearest airport.

By 9:45 a.m.

Evacuations are under way at the United States Capitol, the White House, the Empire State Building, the United Nations, the Kennedy Space Center, Disney World and major sites across the United States. 

9:59
a.m.

2 WTC, the South Tower, collapses in 9 seconds.

10:03 a.m.

Hijackers crash United Airlines Flight 93 in a field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania, after passengers launch a counterattack to seize control of the aircraft. 

10:28 a.m.

1 WTC, the North Tower, collapses in 11 seconds. All 16 acres of the World Trade Center site are in ruins.  A rescue and recovery effort begins immediately at the WTC Site. 

10:30 a.m.

New York Governor George E. Pataki declares a state of emergency in New York State.

11:02 a.m.

New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani orders the evacuation of all of Lower Manhattan below Canal Street, including workers, residents, tourists, and schoolchildren.

1:27
p.m.

A state of emergency is declared in Washington, DC.

2:35
p.m.

Mayor Giuliani holds a press conference at the New York City Police Academy, estimating that “the number of casualties will be more than any of us can bear.”

5:20
p.m.

7 World Trade Center collapses.

8:30
p.m.

President George W. Bush addresses the nation, saying: “Today, our nation saw … the very worst of human nature. And we responded with the best of America—with the daring of our rescue workers, with the caring for strangers and neighbors who came to give blood and help in any way they could.”

All told, 2,975 men, women and children fell victim to the second terrorist attack on the World Trade Center and the terrorist attacks in Pennsylvania and Virginia.

Monday, February 1, 2010

Wildlife in the City: Coyotes

From: NYTimes


The coyote, a one- or two-year-old female ... was in Trinity Church Cemetery at 155th St. and B'way ...when officers from the NYPD’s ESU rolled up. (A chase ensued and after an exam at the Bronx Zoo) ... the coyote was set free in the Hunter Island woodlands of Pelham Bay Park in the Bronx, the city’s largest park.

But not before being named Trinity — for the cemetery, for being the third coyote to turn up in Manhattan in the past 10 years and for the vulpine female character in “The Matrix,” said the parks commissioner, Adrian Benepe.

Like the other Manhattan coyotes, spotted in 2006 and 1999, Trinity is believed to have ambled down the West Side of Manhattan from Westchester County, where coyotes roam in fair numbers.

“The Amtrak rail corridor there is almost like a wildlife corridor,” Mr. Benepe said.

From 01/21/2010

How Expensive IS Expensive? Residential Edition

From: The Real Deal

[I'm going to paraphrase for the sake of clarity]

The characters involved make this particularly interesting.  They include:

Lily Safra.
Considered a socialite and/or a philanthropist, she is perhaps more significantly the wife of deceased banking scion Edmond Safra. His namesake bank is located further down the avenue at the corner of 546 5th Ave and 45th Street.  In 1999 Edmond died or was murdered in a fire at his Monaco home.  Dominick Dunne wrote about this incident in Vanity Fair.

Kenneth Griffin.
Griffin is the "founder of the $13 billion (Chicago-based) hedge fund Citadel Investment Group."  Despite difficult times Griffin had been actively shopping in the fall.

Ara Hovnanian.
Hovnanian is the CEO of Hovnanian Enterprises, a New Jersey-based national homebuilder and marketer,  which, at the time, had reported 13 consecutive quarterly losses during the housing downturn.

820 5th Avenue.
At the corner of 63rd Street, this building has a very tough board, and few available apartments.  After all, there's only twelve floors and with only one apartment per floor, that's not a lot of opportunity for turnover.

According to property records, on December 16,  Lily Safra sold her 12th floor unit to Griffin for $40 million and, on the same day, purchsaed the 4th floor apartment from Hovnanian for $33 million.

Hovnanian reportedly moved downtown.