Friday, February 5, 2010

The World Trade Center History

From: The Port Authority's World Trade Center pages


1939
World's Fair,
Flushing, NY
"World trade center" pavilion is dedicated to "world peace through trade."

1959

Downtown Lower Manhattan Association is created by real estate developer David Rockefeller to revitalize lower Manhattan and begins to promote the idea of a "world trade and finance center" in New York City.

January
1960

David Rockefeller presents a plan for a world trade center along the East River of Manhattan. The Port of New York Authority is commissioned to study the plan.  

March
1961

On March 10, Port Authority issues a favorable report on the feasibility of developing a world trade center.

February
1962

New York and New Jersey authorize the development of the World Trade Center.

December
1962

World Trade Center location moves to West Side amidst protests by displaced business owners.

November
1963

The Port Authority wins legal challenge to the development of the WTC. 

January
1964

The Port Authority unveils an architectural plan for the WTC featuring the world’s tallest buildings.

March
1966

Construction begins on March 21 at the WTC site with the demolition of 78 Dey Street.

August
1966

Excavation work begins for the WTC.  First use of "slurry wall" method in the United States.

June
1967

New York City Board of Estimates formally approves the WTC legislation.

October
1970

The North Tower of the WTC exceeds the height of Empire State Building, making it the tallest building in the world. 

December
1970

The first tenants move into North Tower of the WTC on December 15. 

December
1970

The North Tower of the WTC is topped off at 1,368 feet on December 23.

July
1971

The South Tower of the WTC is topped off at 1,362 feet on July 19.

September
1971

The first tenant moves into Two World Trade Center (South Tower).

March
1972

The first tenant moves into Five World Trade Center (Northeast Plaza Building).

April
1973

The World Trade Center is dedicated on April 4.

January
1974

U.S. Customs Service moves into Six World Trade Center.

April
1974

Tightrope artist Phillippe Petit performs an unauthorized walk between the Twin Towers on April 7. 

December
1975

Top of the World Observation Deck opens at Two World Trade Center (South Tower).

April
1976

The Windows of the World Restaurant opens at the top of the North Tower on April 19.

January
1977

The first tenant moves into Four World Trade Center (The Commodities Exchange Center).

May
1979

The 360-foot antenna mast atop One World Trade Center is completed.

July
1981

The Vista International Hotel, the first hotel built in Lower Manhattan since 1836, opens.

May
1987

Seven World Trade Center opens.

February
1993

On February 26, terrorists detonate 1,500 pounds of explosives in a van parked in the underground public parking lot of the WTC.

March
1993

The WTC reopens for business on March 19, led by tenant New York Governor Mario Cuomo and his staff.  The Port Authority implements a $250 million upgrade plan focusing on life safety and security.   

1994

The WTC is designated one of the "Seven Wonders of the Modern World" by the American Society of Civil Engineers. The WTC is visited by every U.S. president between the time of its opening and the time of its destruction at least once, as well as by many dignitaries and heads of state.

Spring
1995

A memorial fountain is dedicated in the WTC plaza to the victims of the 1993 bombing. 

December
1995

The Vista International Hotel is sold and renamed the New York Marriott World Trade Center Hotel.

September
1998

On September 24, The Port Authority announces plans to seek a 99-year net lease of the complex.

2000

The WTC reaches its highest occupancy rate. 

July
2001

The WTC is net-leased on July 24 to private developer Silverstein Properties, Inc. for approximately $3.2 billion. A three-to-six month transition period commences. 

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